Ignorance of natural processes...

To believe that voodoo, black magic or any other magical woowoo performance has or could influence natural processes and the progression of events is to profess profound ignorance... of how the world works and the frailty of the human brain.

Kandu geri monster

The photo below seems to have gone viral in the Maldives. The photo was snapped by someone from the police station in the island of Kulhudhuffushi in HDh. Atoll and according to the news, has caused panic and fear among some in the island and elsewhere. Haveeru Daily reported that even the police have now started to look into it. All because the black "thing" seen behind the kid in the photo is not easily discernible as being something we are familiar with. The general conclusion seems to be that it is an unknown creature. Some are calling it a "kandu geri" (hippopotamus), some consider it to be a "fureytha" (jinn) and some consider it to be a walrus or seal. Anyone who has ever seen a hippopotamus or seal or walrus will easily dismiss those claims.


Original picture


I tend to agree with the people who think it is just a woman in a black abaya and large black "buruga" (burka). The person who took the photo apparently says that he did not notice the thing at the time he took the picture and only noticed it later when he was copying the pictures from the camera to a computer. That really is clue number 1 - people tend to ignore things they are familiar with. He most certainly had seen the "thing" at the time but ignored it because he had seen a woman in the background and was not really concerned with what she was doing or how she appears frozen-in-motion in the picture.


Processed to highlight various aspects


Clue number 2 comes from processed pictures where light levels have been manipulated to show more details, as I have done in the picture above. The thin material of the burka appears against the background as being translucent. The form of the human body is also discernible with the limbs and the cloth wrapping around it. Abayas and burkas are designed to obfuscate the human form and it performs its job well for the woman in the snapshot!

Will this madness persist and a myth like the Loch Ness monster be created in the Maldives? What shall it be called? "Kandu geri" monster? I doubt the woman will be flattered.

Beating a child to "question" Jinn is insane and cruel

Irrational, delusional beliefs are always unjustifiable and aren't always harmless. Such beliefs can and do lay the foundation that lead people to do insane and terrible things. It was with shock and horror that I read yesterday of the news story on Haveeru Daily website about a group of people in Haa Alifu atoll Baarah island that beat a sick child on the palms and sole of the feet with an eakle broom a few days ago in order to "question the Jinn" on the outcome of the local council elections that was to take place yesterday.

The people of the island apparently believed that the child was "possessed by the Jinn" and believed, as many Maldivians do, that they could access "future knowledge" through the supernatural super-awesome powers possessed by the Jinn. It matters not that the child most certainly suffers from some mental or psychological affliction and probably could be cured or managed by medicine! It matters not that it is entirely unethical, immoral and down right cruel to torture a sick child!

Shouldn't the title of the article in Haveeru read "ވޯޓުގެ ނަތީޖާ ހޯދުމުގެ ނަމުގައި ބާރަށުގައި ކުޑަކުއްޖަކަށް އަނިޔާކޮށްފި" rather than "ވޯޓުގެ ނަތީޖާ ހޯދުމަށް ބާރަށުގައި ޖިންނިއާއި ސުވާލުކޮށްފި"?

Shouldn't the people involved be charged with child abuse?!

And here dwelleth 300,000 invisible beings

Most Maldivians are by now familiar with the drama unfolding in Makunudhoo. It has been on the news a lot and has been blogged about a lot but photos haven't been very forthcoming - well, except for a blurred image on Haveeru Daily and a photo stolen from my Flickr stream published on Miadhu News. So here are some images of the historic Makunudhoo School where Man and Jinn live side by side and study side by side, though not always in harmony as has been revealed. The school may replace the island's currently most famous landmark: the residential ruins of the infamous Bodufenvalhugey Seedhee (known for various supposed supernatural feats such as "walking on water" between islands, "helping" the infertile conceive etc) including its "teleportation well".

And yes, in case you wonder, it is ridiculous to believe this is a battle between invisible Jinn and humans, especially when there are good explanations.

Enjoy... stand awed.









Makunudhoo Jinns: The story

Yesterday, I called up a friend in Makunudhoo who is pretty familiar with the mass hysteria (or jinn possession, depending who you ask) that has gripped the students of the island's school for the past month to have a little chat about the events taking place there. Some of the events, including the digging of the school grounds, are missing from here because we had talked about it an earlier conversation which I sadly didn't record. I am posting a transcript of the later conversation here (with permission). It is a translation from Dhivehi ofcourse but I've avoided doing the sort of fancy rephrasing and rearranging that is advocated in Dhivehi translation classes in the hopes of preserving the original as much as possible. The bits inside brackets were added by me to help make subjects and contexts clearer.

-----
Me: Hey, this is Jaa. You busy?
ZZ: No. No. Excellent time.
Me: I just wanted to get some more details on what's happening in the island. I am hoping to write it up on my blog.
ZZ: Great. Go ahead.
Me: Can you tell me how this happened. Did it happen to many at once or was it just one kid?
ZZ: It was one kid at first. It was about a year ago.
Me: Is it! How does that relate to this event?
ZZ: It happens to this kid every now and then. But it got so serious only this month.
Me: So the kid has fits? Regularly?
ZZ: Yes. There are about 3 or 4 kids in the school that gets fits.
Me: So what happened this time?
ZZ: What happened this time was that one of the kids got possessed, by Jinn. Following that, a boy in Grade 10 said it was happening because of a tree in the school. He said he was going to hit the tree with a ball and went ahead to kick a ball into the tree. When he did that the ball is said to have hit the hand/fingers of a Jinn child and broke it. The boy fell unconscious immediately following that.
Me: I see.
ZZ: The boy's hands were contorted as well.
Me: Uhuh. So that was the first two kids?
ZZ: Those two escalated the situation. There are a total of about 6... err 10, 12 kids now. 10-12 have been admitted sick now.
Me: I see. The kid that this first happened to... you say it's regular... Had a doctor been consulted earlier?
ZZ: They went to a doctor even the first time. They didn't call it a Jinn event then, it was diagnosed as fits then. It is only now this became a Jinn possession. So many kids had fallen sick at the same time so it wasn't believed to be fits.
Me: Newspapers made it seem that this happened to a lot of kids, at the same time. Did it happen that way or was it gradual... one by one... a few at a time?
ZZ: No no. This school is 40 years old. And in this 40 years, about every year or every six months a kid would fall sick. That is fall during assembly. Whether that's because of fainting or something else, it's not known. But since talking to the Jinn (by the fanditha/blackmagic practitioners), it has appeared that the school is also attended by 1000 Jinn children. And that the Jinn parents number to 300,000...
Me: Uhuh
ZZ: And that their kids are not as good at studies as us Dhivehi, us humans. They are taking revenge because they haven't been improving and also because when our kids play ball during assembly, err PE, the ball hits their kids.
Me: How did this spread to other kids?
ZZ: Apparently the Jinns have made a list... those Jinns. So all kids on the list are to get sick and it's been happening that way.
Me: So the first day this happened, a lot of kids fell sick and the second day more kids fell? Is that how it happened?
ZZ: Yes that is how it happened this week... this month.
Me: I see.
ZZ: Yea.
Me: Has any of the kids gotten better?
ZZ: No. None of the kids have gotten better.
Me: But the fanditha is still going on?
ZZ: The fanditha is proceeding very strong. They have now put 150 Jinns into a can and sunk them into the sea... the fanditha men have said.
Me: I see.
ZZ: A psychologist came to the island last night. The psychologist assessed the kids and said it wasn't related to Jinns. But the parents didn't believe that. They say it was caused by Jinns and no treatment by the psychologist will treat that.
Me: I see.
ZZ: So the psychologist had to leave (the island) immediately.
Me: Hehe. I see. Umm. Is there any news if any sort of change, like that of odour, was noticed in the area?
ZZ: This is happening not because of a change in odour. There are no smells. There were a number of trees. Even the affected sick children are saying that something lives in those trees and they see it as their land. So when the tree was cut, those Jinns got furious and many more children fell sick.
Me: But wasn't the tree felled recently?
ZZ: Yes. Things got this bad when the tree was felled.
Me: I see. But why did the tree have to be felled? Didn't one of the kids say things would get better once the tree is felled?
ZZ: No no. Not that because it would release the kids. It was done with the intent of sending the Jinn off. It was assumed that they wouldn't stay there once their home was destroyed and so when the parents requested for the tree to be felled it was done so.
Me: Uhuh.
ZZ: Now the Jinns have moved to the largest "nika" tree in the island.
Me: So how far has the fanditha proceeded? How long is it to take?
ZZ: It is going on full speed. They had a 40 man chanting last night and they are going to do chants tonight too. He (the fanditha practitioner) says he doesn't want to "cure" the kids just yet because he still needs to question the Jinn over certain things. He assures though that he is going to leave only once he "cures" the kids.
Me: Did he say how long he is going to take?
ZZ: He hasn't given a date yet.
Me: So hopefully the Jinns would go away soon? To a nearby island.
ZZ: (Laugh) People have asked for the Jinns to be sent off to another island.
Me: How about the two near uninhabited islands?
ZZ: Not those two islands. People have requested the Jinns to be expelled from the island, to make it so that they are unable to enter the school. People would like a (magic) barrier to be placed around the island to prevent the Jinns from coming in. The fanditha men has now created the wall around around and they have expelled around 300,000 Jinns from out the wall. They say that only a few infidel crippled Jinn remain now.
...
Me: Thanks!
--------

I made a short post earlier about this incident in Makunudhoo and linked to a few interesting research papers related to mass hysteria in hopes of putting things into a more scientific perspective. MaldivesHealth has since posted on the amusing case of the genitalia vanishing epidemic in Nigeria and more. It maybe true that it really are the Jinns that are at the root of the problem Makunudhoo is facing, yet centuries of (global) experience and amassed knowledge tells us that it is far far far more likely to be a ... :-)

Mass hysteria?

This whole throwing fits and going berserk business in the Makunudhoo School is becoming utterly ridiculous. It has been a month since it was first reported and apparently things have now escalated into becoming a full-on circus complete with clowns and flying elephants. More kids are apparently joining the madness by the day while the health authorities and the government at large seems to have ignored it for the most part.

The fanditha men who are being imported into the island by the worried parents to bring an end to this "supernatural" problem are probably having the time of their life. It is absolutely mad that in this day in age, people could forgo rationality and scientific understanding to attempt to solve the afflictions by letting fanditha practitioners chant and perform silly rituals around an island and go about cutting down trees in the belief that they harbour Jinns. The mentality of attributing anything even slightly mysterious or unexplainable as something within a supernatural realm is self-defeating, non-explanatory and should have been left behind in the past centuries of ignorance. I find it especially amusing that these Jinns always seem to have a knack for stirring a total ruckus in human societies by engaging in petty, retarded behaviour like taking "possession" of a person for "revenge". Then again, all non-existent imaginary constructs have their own unique quirks.

Edit (17/05/2008):
Jinns are mythical creatures lacking evidence and scientific validation. This fact should not be taken lightly because:
a) the role of such a priori beliefs in making people susceptible to and triggering hysteria has been noted in research,
b) the "treatment" being pushed by fanditha men and priests/imams involves reinforcement of those very beliefs that set it off and that has been noted to enhance the outbreaks.
c) the immediate attribution to illnesses to the supernatural delays/avoids proper medical diagnosis in favour of meaningless rituals, which is especially worrying if the illness were to be due to or a symptom of a serious medical condition.

Edit (11/05/2008):
Some interesting papers on the matter:-
- Episodic Neurological Dysfunction Due to Mass Hysteria
- Epidemic Hysteria: A review of the Published Literature
- Possession "hysteria" in a Kenya Tribe

Mars retrograde aai hulhangun iru erun: kamuge hageegaiy

The following goes out to the elderly and all those who aren't versed in English, to all those who are disadvantaged by the sorry state of science in Dhivehi and to all those who were misinformed and deceived. Hope this helps.

(Download the article as a PDF formatted for print)

މާސް ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑް އާއި ހުޅަނގުން އިރުއެރުން: ކަމުގެ ހަޤީޤަތް


މިލިޔުމުގައި މިބަލާލަނީ ރާއްޖޭގައި ދާދި ފަހުން ފެތުރިގެންދިޔަ "މިއުރީޚަށް ހުޅަނގުން އިރު އަރައިފި" މިސުރުޚީގެ ދަށުން ދުނިޔެއާއި ކައިރިގައި އޮންނަ ޕްލެނެޓެއް ކަމަށްވާ މާސްގެ ދައުރުވުމަށް ބަދަލެއް އައިސް އެޕްލެނެޓްގައި ދެކުނުން އިރުއަރައިފިކަމަށް ބުނެލިޔެފައިވާ ލިޔުމަށެވެ. އެލިޔުމަކީ އޭގައި އެއްވެސް ކަހަލަ ހަޤީޤަތެއް އެކުލެވިގެންވާ އެއްޗެއްނޫންކަމަށްވާއިރު، އީމެއިލުންނާއި ހަވީރު ނޫހުގައިވާ ނޯޓިސްއަކާއި އަދި އަދާލަތު ޕާޓީގެ ވެބްސައިޓް މެދުވެރިކޮށް މިބުނި ލިޔުންވަނީ ފެތުރި ގިނަބަޔަކަށް ކަމުގެ (ސައިންޓިފިކް) ހަޤީޤަތް އޮޅިފައެވެ. ވީމާ މާސްއާއި ބެހޭގޮތުން ފަތުރާފައިވާ ވާހަކަތަކަށް ބަލާލާ، ކަމުގެ ހަޤީޤަތް ހާމަކޮށްދެވޭތޯ ބަލާލަން ޤަސްދުކުރަމެވެ.

"މިއްރީޚަށް ހުނޅަގުން އިރުއަރައިފި" މިލިޔުމުގައި ސައެންސްކަމަށް ބުނެފައި ހުރި ހުރިހާ ވާހަކަތަކަކީ މުޅީންހެން ދޮގެވެ. އަދި ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑްއަކީ ކޮބާކަން ވަނީ މުޅީންހެން އޮޅުވާލާފައެވެ. ނުޖޫމީއިލްމުގައި ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑްއޭ ކިޔާއުޅެނީ ތަރިއެއް އެތަރިއެއް ބައިވެރިވާ ނިޒާމުގައިވާ އެހެން ތަރިތަކާ އިދިކޮޅަށް ނުއަތަށް ދަތުރުކުރުމަށެވެ. ނަމަވެސް އެލިޔުމުގައި ހަޤީޤަތުގައި އެދައްކަނީ ތަފާތުވައްތަރެއްގެ ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑްއެއްގެ ވާހަކައެވެ. ދުނިޔޭން ފެށިގެން އިރާ ދުރަށް ހުންނަ ހުރިހާ ތަރިތަކަށްވެސް ދުނިޔޭން ބަލާއިރު "އެޕަރެންޓް ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޓް"އޭކިޔާ ހަރަކާތެއް އަންނާނެއެވެ. "އެޕަރެންޓް ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑް"އަކީ ކުރިންމިދެންނެވި "ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑް"އާއި ޚިލާފަށް ފެންނަފެނުމުގައި ތަރިއެއް އިދިކޮޅަށް ނުއަތަށް ދަތުރުކުރުމެވެ. މިހަރަކާތަކީ އެއްވެސް ހާލެއްގައި އެއިން ޕްލެނެޓެއްގެ ހަޤީޤީ ދައުރުވުމަށް އަންނަ ބަދަލެއްނޫނެވެ ނަމަވެސް ދުނިޔޭގެ ނަޒަރުން ބަލާއިރު ފެންނަ އޮޕްޓިކަލް އިލޫޝަން (ލޮލުގެ އޮޅުވާލުން) އެކެވެ. އެއީ ދުނިޔެއިން ބަލާއިރު އަހަރުމެންގެ ފެނުމަށް ހީވާގޮތް ކަމުގައިވިޔަސް ހަޤީޤަތުގައި ކޮންމެ ޕްލެނެޓެއްވެސް އެއެއްޗެއްގެ ދައުރުކުރާ އެލިޕްޓިކް (ކުކުޅުބިސް ފަދަ ބައްޓަމެއް ހުންނަ) ބުރުގައި ބަދަލެއްނައިސް ދަތުރު ކުރަމުން ގެންދެއެވެ. އަދި ކިއެއްތޯއެވެ؟ ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޓް ހަރަކާތް އަންނަމުންދާތާ އެތައް މިލިޔަން އަހަރެއްވެއްޖެއެވެ. މިކަމަކީ ކުރީޒަމާނުގެ ގުރީކުންނާއި މާޔަން ނުޖޫމީއިލްމުވެރިންނަށްވެސް އެގި ސުވާލުކޮށްފައިވާކަމެކެވެ. މިހަރަކާތަށް 16 ޤަރުނުގައި ނިކްލައުސް ކޮޕަނިކަސް އަދި ފަހުން 17 ވަނަ ގަރުނުގައި ޖޮހަނަސް ކެޕްލަރގެ ހޯދުންތަކުން ފުރިހަމަ ޖަވާބެއް ލިބިގެން ދިޔައެވެ. މާސްގެ ރެޓްރޮގޭޓްއަކީ މިހާރުގެ ސައެންޓިސްޓުންނަށް އާކަމެއްނޫނެވެ.

މިފަދަ ލިޔުމެއްގައި ލިޔެވޭނޭ އެއްޗަކުން ފަސޭހައިން ދޭހަވެ ސިފަކުރެވޭނެ ގޮތަކަށް މިކަން ކިޔައިދިނުމަކީ އުނދަގޫ ކަމެކެވެ. މިލިޔުމުގެ ފަހަތުގައި ހިމަނާލާފައިވާ އެވަނީ ދުނިޔެއާއި މާސް، އިރު ވަށައިގެން ދަތުރުކުރުމުގައި އަހަރެމެންނަށް އުޑުމަތިން މާސްގެ ހަރަކާތަށާއި ދުވެއްޔަށް ބަދަލު އަންނަގޮތް ދައްކައިދޭ މަންޒަރު ތަކެކެވެ. ކޮންމެ މަންޒަރަކުން މާސް އާއި ދުނިޔެއާއި ދެމެދުގައިވާ ދުރުމިނަށް އަންނަ ބަދަލަށް ސަމާލުވެ ތިއްބަވާށެވެ. ނަމަވެސް މިކަން އެންމެ ފުރިހަމައަށް ދޭހަވާނީ ކޮމްޕިއުޓަރ ސިމިއުލޭޝަންއެއް މެދުވެރިކޮށެވެ. ވީމާ ޔުނިވާރސިޓީ އޮފް އިލިނޯއިގެ އެސްޓްރޮނޮމީ ޑިޕާޓްމަންޓުން ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑް ހަރަކާތް ދެއްކުމަށް އިންޓަނެޓުގައި ތައްޔާރު ކޮށްފައިވާ ސަފްހާ (http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/projects/data/Retrograde) އަށް ގޮސް އެސަފްހާގެ މެދުގައިވާ "Run" ފިތަށް އޮބާލާ ވާތްފަރާތުން ދައްކާ ދުނިޔޭގެ ހަރަކާތާއި ކަނާތްފަރާތުން ދައްކާ ދުނިޔެއިން މާސް ފެންނަ ގޮތަށް ރަގަޅަށް ބައްލަވާލާށެވެ.

މިދެންނެވި ލިޔުމުގައި ބުނެފައިވާ ތާރީޚުތަކަކީވެސް ނުބައި ތާރީޚުތަކެކެވެ. މާސް ރެޓްރޯގްރޭޑްއަކީ ކޮންމެ 26 މަހަކުން ހިނގާކަމެކެވެ. 2003 ވަނަ އަހަރު މާސް ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑްގައި 30 ޖުލައިގައި ފުރަތަމަ ހުއްޓުން އައިސް ނުއަތަށް ދަތުރުކުރުމަށްފަހު 29 ސެޕްޓެމްބަރގައި ދެވަނަ ހުއްޓުން އައިސް އާދައިގެ މަތިންދަތުރު ކުރާންފެށިއެވެ. އަދި 2005 ވަނަ އަހަރުގެ މާސް ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑްގައި 1 އޮކްޓޯބަރުގައި ފުރަތަމަ ހުއްޓުން އައިސް ނުއަތަށް ދަތުރުކުރުމަށްފަހު 10 ޑިސެމްބަރުގައި ދެވަނަ ހުއްޓުމަށް ފަހު އާދައިގެ މަތިންދަތުރު ކުރާންފެށިއެވެ. އެންމެ ފަހުގެ ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޓް ފެށީ 15 ނޮވެމްބަރ 2007 ގައެވެ. މިދުވަސްކޮޅަކީ މާސް ފަހަތަށް ދަތުރުކުރަމުންދާކަމަށް ފެންނަ ދުވަސްކޮޅެވެ. މާސް އޭގެ އަސްލު ދައުރުގައި ފެންނާނީ މި ޖެނުއަރީ 30 ހުން ފެށިގެންނެވެ.

އަދި އެލިޔުމުގައި ބުނެފައިވާ ގޮތާ ޚިލާފަށް، (ވީނަސް ފިޔަވާ) މިސޯލާ ސިސްޓަމުގައިވާ ހުރިހާ ޕްލެނެޓެއްގައިވެސް އިރުއަރަމުންދަނީ އިރުމަތީ ފަރާތުންނެވެ. މިކަމަށް ބަދަލެއް އައިސްދާނެ ކަމަކަށް ސައިންސްގެ އެއްވެސް ހޯދުމަކުން ނުދައްކައެވެ. ދުނިޔޭގައި ހުޅަގުން އިރުއަރާނެ ގޮތެއްކަމަށް ހަމަ އެކަނިވާނީ ދުނިޔެ މިހާރުއެނބުރޭ ކޮޅުގެ ނުއަތަށް އެނބުރުމެވެ. ނަމަވެސް ދުނިޔެ އެބުރުމުގެ ސަބަބުންވާ "އެންގިއުލަރ މޮމެންޓަމް"ގެ ސަބަބުން ދުނިޔެ މިހާރުމިއެބުރޭކޮޅަށް މިލިޔަނަށްވުރެ ގިނަ އަހަރުތަކެއް ވަންދެން ބަދަލުނުވެ އެނބުރެމުންދާނެކަމަށް ހޯދުންތަކުން ދައްކައެވެ. އެއަށް ބަދަލެއް އައިސްދާނެ ހަމައެކަނި ގޮތަކީ ވަރަށް ބޮޑު ގިނިހިލައެއް ދުނިޔޭގައި ވަކިގޮތަކަށް ވަކިބާރުމިނެއްގައި ޖެހުމެވެ. ނަމަވެސް މިފަދަ އެއްޗެއް މީންދުވަހަކު ޖެހޭނޭ ކަމުގެ ނިޝާނެއް ނެތެވެ. އަދި ދައުރުބަދަލު ކުރާވަރުގެ އެއްޗެއް ޖެހިއްޖެނަމަ ދުނިޔޭގައިވާ ހުރިހާ ދިރޭއެއްޗެއް މަރުވުމަކީ ޔަގީނާގާތްކަމެކެވެ. އިރުވަށައިގެން ދުނިޔެ ދަތުރު ކުރާދިމާ ނުއަތަށް ބަދަލުވިޔަސް އިރުއަރާނީ ހަމައިރުމަތިންނެވެ. ކައުނުގައިވާ ހުރިހާ އެއްޗެއް ތަބާވާ ޤާނޫނުތަކުގެ ސަބަބުން އެފަދަކަމެއް ވުމާ ވަރަށް ވަރަށްވެސް ދުރުކަން ސައިންސުން ދައްކައެވެ. އިރު ނުވަތަ ދުނިޔެ ހިނގާގޮތް ކޮންމެ ގޮތަކަށް ބަދަލުވިޔަސް އެލިޔުމުގައި ޝަރުއީ އިލްމުވެރިންނާ ހަވާލާދީ ބުނެފައިވާ ގޮތަށް އެންމެ ދުވަހަކަށް ހުޅަގުން އިރު އަރާ އޭގެ ފަހުން އާދައިގެ މަތިން އިރު އެރުމަކީ ނުވާނޭ ކަމެކޭ ސައިންސްގެ އަލީގައި ބުނުމަކީ ދޮގަކަށް ނުވާނެއެވެ.

ވީމާ ސައިންސްއަށް ނިސްބަތްކޮށް އިސާހިތަކު ދުނިޔޭއަށް ހުޅަނގުން އިރުއަރާނެކަމަށް ދައްކާކަމަށް ބުމުނީ ކަނޑައެޅި ދޮގެކެވެ. މާސްގެ ރެޓްރޮގްރޭޑްއާއި އިރުއެރުމާއި ބެހޭގޮތުން މުހިންމު މައުލޫމާތު ކޮޅެއް ދެވިއްޖެ ކަމަށް އުންމީދުކުރަމެވެ.


އިރުވަށައިގެން ދުނިޔެއާއި މާސް ދަތުރުކުރާއިރު އުޑުމަތިން މާސް ފެންނަގޮތަށް އަންނަ ބަދަލު